Systems integrator is an individual or business that builds computing systems for clients by combining hardware, software, networking and storage products from multiple vendors. Using a systems integrator, a company can align cheaper, preconfigured components and commercial off-the-shelf software to meet key business goals, as opposed to more expensive, customized implementations that may require original programming or manufacturing unique components.
Hiring a systems integrator to combine various subsystems into an integrated offering can also simplify contracting and vendor management for the customer, who would otherwise need to purchase each subsystem separately and work with multiple vendors. Systems integration is, thus, both a procurement method and a technical activity.
The task of systems integration often begins with a client meeting, or a series of meetings, in which the systems integrator assesses the client's business needs and defines the technical requirements for an IT system that meets those needs. The resulting integration plan sets the foundation for the integration process. That process may involve designing or building a customized architecture or application and integrating it with new or existing hardware, packaged or custom software, and networking infrastructure.
With the rise of cloud computing, the systems integrator may also play a role in integrating on-premises IT systems with cloud-based applications or computing infrastructure.
Systems integrators emerged in the 1980s when large organizations began seeking integrated IT systems.
In 1982, the U.S. Army awarded its landmark $656 million Project Viable contract to Electronic Data Systems (EDS). That 10-year deal, which called for the creation of an integrated administrative data processing system, established EDS as a systems integrator.
Other notable systems integrators of that period included Andersen Consulting, Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC), IBM and SHL Systemhouse.
In the following decades, large systems integrators transformed into broader IT service providers and some were acquired or rebranded. Andersen Consulting, for example, became Accenture in 2001, following its breakup with accounting firm Arthur Andersen. SHL Systemhouse was acquired by MCI Communications and was subsequently sold to EDS in 1999. EDS was purchased by Hewlett Packard Enterprise in 2008 for $13.9 billion and became HP Enterprise Services. In 2017, CSC merged with HP Enterprise Services to create DXC Technology.Lihat Semua Artikel